1 The retractions came only months after BioMed Central.

The most important lesson is that incentives work. This pressure exists almost but is specially intense in China everywhere. It is therefore no surprise that the most inventive ways to video game the peer-review system to get manuscripts released attended from China. The companies mentioned above offering fake peer reviews all come from China and countries in Southeast Asia, & most of the authors involved with these cases come from the same areas. But it would be a mistake to look at this as a Chinese or Asian problem. The problem may be the perverse incentive systems in scientific publishing. So long as authors are rewarded for publishing many articles and editors are rewarded for publishing them rapidly, new ways of gaming the original publication versions will be invented more quickly than new control steps can be put in place..Epithelial samples of both ovarian clear-cell carcinoma and atypical endometriosis got loss of BAF250a expression, whereas expression was maintained in the distant endometriotic lesion .24 Thus, atypical endometrium could possibly be distinguished from the distant endometrium only on the basis of lack of BAF250a expression, which correlated with the presence of an ARID1A mutation. For the other patient, the sample of ovarian clear-cell carcinoma had two somatic mutations in ARID1A : both these mutations, along with a CTNNB1 missense mutation, were present in the tumor and the adjacent atypical endometriosis but not in a distant endometriotic lesion . Conversation Overall, 46 percent of individuals with ovarian clear-cell carcinoma and 30 percent of these with endometrioid carcinoma had somatic truncating or missense mutations in ARID1A; simply no ARID1A mutations were within the 76 specimens of high-grade serous carcinoma analyzed.